nutrItIon anD FertIlIser 1 seCtIon 5 SORGHUM fi- fl- February 2017 nutrition and fertiliser A balance of soil nutrients is essential for profitable yields. Nutritional Value of Sorghum The proximate composition and nutritional aspects of grain sorghum have been extensively reviewed by Hulse et al. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. Thus, the goal was to evaluate the nutritional value of different purpose sorghum silage cultivars at two crop periods. Washington, DC: USDA (Agricultural Handbook, 279), 1970. However, evaluations of nitrogen and carbohydrates fractions, as well as kinetics parameters are rare in sorghum silage evaluations. To correct the gas volume from the rumen fluid and the buffer solution, four flasks were incubated without a sample (blank); thus, for each reading time, the gas volume of flasks with the sample was subtracted by the volume of flasks without samples. , Mwasaru , M.A. In the case of sorghum, protein is less digestible than that of other cereals, thus reducing the bioavailability of the protein. where is the weight of the cap and fresh sample, is the weight of the dry sample and cap, and is the sample weight. Differences were attributed to the genetical difference of sorghum varieties, environmental conditions, and soil type. Nutrition Facts. Sweet sorghum has a high content of water soluble carbohydrates (WSC), resulting in forage with a high energy content (Kaiser et al., 2004). Animal Feed Science and Technology . Orrico Junior et al. Then, filtering was performed by moisturizing with a small portion of ethanol. The filtrate was dried in an oven at 100°C until a constant weight was obtained (). Animal Feed Science and Technology . 1.2 grams saturated fat. (2016) reported average levels of 6.73% CP for sweet sorghum silages. Animal Feed Science and Technology , 153(3):161-168, 2009. Sorghum. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 65(5):539-546. Means with different superscripts are significantly different at. Enter your own food Set category preferences . Then, the incinerated sample cooled at room temperature and reweighed (). Other gluten free gains/flours include amaranth, buckwheat, chia, corn, potato starch, quinoa, rice, millet and teff. Then, the extraction continued for 4 hours. The food energy value of sorghum varied from 329.05 to 364.24 kcal. The composition and output of sheep’s saliva. Topics included on-farm storage, maximizing economic yield through fertility and managing weeds and insects. However, the higher levels of protein fraction A based on CP (Table 5) observed in the silages of sweet sorghum cultivars BRS 506 and CMSXS 647 and forage sorghum cultivar BRS 610 are probably due to the lower presence of grains in the mass, since in the sorghum grain a portion of the protein is in the form of a dense protein matrix (Rooney; Pflugfelder, 1986) instead of NPN. Maha F. Elbaloula, Runqiang Yang, Qianghui Guo, Zhenxin Gu, Major nutrient compositions and functional properties of sorghum flour at 0–3 days of grain germination, International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 10.3109/09637486.2013.836736, 65, 1, (48-52), (2013). ), barley and field beans (Vicia faba L.). 23(11):1455-1461, 2010. It is determined as a total carbohydrate by subtracting measured protein, fat, ash, and moisture from 100%. A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluation cattle diets. This poor digestibility is due to extensive polymerization of kafirins upon cooking and the presence of tannins in certain sorghum lines [28]. The soil in the experimental area was a typical eutrophic red ultisol. Fractionation of carbohydrates and protein allows the formulation of appropriate diets, enabling maximum efficiency of energy and nitrogen use, both by microorganisms and by the animal (Sniffen; O’Connor; Van Soest, 1992). General physical characteristics of sorghum varieties. [ Links ], HEINEMANN, A. British Journal of Nutrition 43: 325 – 340 A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluation cattle diets: Ruminal fermentation. Nutritive value of corn and sorghum silages and its influence on dairy cow performance. However, in our study, the results reveal differences as compared to those mentioned in previous research reports. Sorghum and pearl millet are staple foods for about 200 million people residing in dryland tropics of south Asia and Africa. The low levels of NDF in the forage of sweet sorghum cultivars BRS 506 and CMSXS 647 in the first crop might be due to the high WSC content in these plants, which are characterized by high content of non-structural carbohydrates that remain in the stem and leaves in the form of soluble sugars. An important function of zinc is an essential cofactor of more than 70 enzymes [46]. 1990. p.415-423. Two grams (2 g) of well-homogenized sorghum flour samples was transferred to the dried and weighted dishes. Zhao, P. Che, K. Glassman, and M. Albertsen, “Nutritionally enhanced sorghum for the arid and semiarid tropical areas of Africa,” in, M. H. Dicko, H. Gruppen, A. S. Traoré, A. G. Voragen, and W. J. van Berkel, “Sorghum grain as human food in Africa: relevance of content of starch and amylase activities,”, S. V. Kumar, V. Sajeevkumar, J. George, and S. Kumar, “Enhancing properties of polyvinyl alcohol film using sorghum starch nanocrystals – a cost effective filler from natural source,”, D. J. Spielman, D. Kelemwork, and D. Alemu, “Seed, fertilizer, and agricultural extension in Ethiopia,”, N. Boudries, N. Belhaneche, B. Nadjemi et al., “Physicochemical and functional properties of starches from sorghum cultivated in the Sahara of Algeria,”, D. Pearson, “The Dictionary of Nutrition and Food Technology,”, H. Edeoga, D. Okwu, and B. Mbaebie, “Minerals and nutritive value of some Nigerian medicinal plants,”, R. E. Burns, “Method for estimation of tannin in grain sorghum 1,”, E. Maxson and L. Rooney, “Evaluation of methods for tannin analysis in sorghum grain,”, S. S. L. Chan, E. L. Ferguson, K. Bailey, U. Fahmida, T. B. Harper, and R. S. Gibson, “The concentrations of iron, calcium, zinc and phytate in cereals and legumes habitually consumed by infants living in East Lombok, Indonesia,”, M. J. Salgueiro, M. B. Zubillaga, A. E. Lysionek, R. A. Caro, R. Weill, and J. R. Boccio, “The role of zinc in the growth and development of children,”, I. NUTRIENT BALANCE INDICATOR™ This symbol offers a visual representation of a food's nutritional strengths and weaknesses, with each spoke representing a different nutrient. A. Two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. Brazilian Journal of Animal Science . 98(1):73-85, 2002. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and the means were compared by the least significant difference (LSD) test, adopting the probability level of 5%, with the SISVAR statistical program, version 5.3. Variability may be attributed to the environment, soil type, genotype variabilities of sorghum, and methods. In the present study, thirty-five sorghum varieties released by the national sorghum improvement programme were used and evaluated for their proximate compositions, tannin, and mineral nutrient. (2015) observed IVDDM of 57.3% for cultivar sweet sorghum BRS 506, which was similar to values observed in the first crop, while Machado et al. The highest mineral content of P (367.965), Na (6.151), Mg (207.526), K (314.011), Ca (67.159), Fe (14.018), and Zn (6.484) as measured by mg/100 g was found from the varieties Macia, Abshir, Chiro, Birmash, Dagem, and Assossa-1 (Fe and Zn), respectively. Multiple phenolic hydroxyl groups of tannins may form stable complexes with protein, metal ions, and other macromolecules like polysaccharides [35, 36] and will reduce the digestibility of the proteins and the availability of the nutrients in the gut. (1) Moisture Determination. Amer et al. After that, the mass was homogenized and a sample was freeze-dried at -70 °C for 48 h. Samples were ground in a Wiley mill until they could pass through a 20 mesh steel sieve. Copyright © 2020 Masresha Minuye Tasie and Belay Gezahegn Gebreyes. The present findings are in agreement with [2, 30, 31] who reported crude protein content ranging from 3.25 to 14.53%, 7 to 15%, and 10.30 to 14.90%, respectively. Journal of Nutritional Health & Food Science. [ Links ], ELSEED, A. M. A. F.; ELDAIM, N. I. N.; AMASAIB, E. O. Silages of sweet sorghum cultivars BRS 506 and CMSXS 647 presented lower estimated lag time than grain and forage cultivars did, possibly because of the higher levels of WSC and NPN observed in these cultivars. Then, the dried samples were removed from the drying oven and then cooled in a desiccator at room temperature and reweighted. The spacing between lines was 0.60 m, with density of 180,000 plants ha-1 for grain sorghum cultivars, and 120,000 plants ha-1 for cultivars of forage and sweet sorghum. It is consumed mostly in northern China, India, and southern Russia, where about 85% of the crops are consumed directly as human food [2]. Sorghum is indeed a gluten free grain, safe for consumption for those with sensitivities [5]. Insecticide application of Chlorpyrifos was performed for control of armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) at a dose of approximately 480 mL ha-1 of active ingredient. The forage sorghum cultivar BRS 655 always presented higher levels of estimated NFC + EE, indicating greater proportion of panicles in the plant. Dairy Australia NSW Department of Primary Industries, 2004. The trial was conducted at the Plant Production Department, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rondônia, Colorado do Oeste campus, and chemical analyses and in vitro incubation were performed at the Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá campus. The highest value was observed from the varieties Lalo, Dano, and Aba-Melko. Adding value to sorghum was the focus of the 2018 Sorghum U. where is the weight of the receiver flask and fat deposit, is the weight of the empty receiver flask only, and is the weight of the sample used. The silos remained closed for 30 days. The iNDF is comprised of a fraction of the plant cell wall that is not digested along the gastrointestinal tract (Sniffen; O’Connor; Van Soest, 1992). Such values were not observed for silages of sweet sorghum cultivars in both crops. 3. 18(2):104-111, 1963. The in vitro procedure proposed by Tilley and Terry (1963) for determining the digestibility of food is the most widespread technique utilized in ruminant nutritional studies, owing to its low cost, quickness, and uniformity of results. Sorghum is a crop that stands out as an alternative to corn due to lower soil fertility demand and increased tolerance to drought. Nascimento et al. This fraction, which is comprised of protein associated with lignin, has a high resistance to mammalian and microbial enzymes (Krishnamoorthy et al., 1983). The results were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique by using the completely randomized design (CRD) method, and all pair-wise comparison tests were used for mean comparison, whereas the least significant difference [11] test was used for mean separation technique at . Sorghum is an excellent substitute for wheat flour, and sorghum flour makes a great baking ingredient for anyone who cannot tolerate gluten. 1990 Official Methods of Analyses. Moon, “Antidiabetic effects of three Korean sorghum phenolic extracts in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats,”, P. Pontieri, R. Di Fiore, J. Troisi et al., “Chemical composition and fatty acid content of white food sorghums grown in different environments,”. [ Links ], Received: 63:1607-1623, 1986. 8.4.2 Porridge. Furthermore, [16, 18, 32] reported that sorghum protein content varied from 11.23 to 13.42%, 8.32 to 11.82%, and 9.06 to 18.58%, respectively. This was possibly because of the ability of this cultivar to store soluble sugars in its leaves and stems. Farinelli et al. The experimental design was a randomized block with a split-plot arrangement and four replications. (2015) stated that the CP content of sweet sorghum silages is insufficient to meet the minimum requirements of ruminants. One-quarter cup of sorghum contains approximately 12% of your daily recommended value. 20p. Sorghum Nutrition. (2003) evaluated the corn production at different crop seasons and observed 76% and 60% for ear yield in first and second crops, respectively. In this study, the tannin content of the sorghum varieties was also included. Sweet sorghum cultivars had higher levels of water soluble carbohydrates and non-protein nitrogen based on protein, lower indigestible neutral detergent fibre content at second crop, and higher in vitro dry matter digestibility than the other cultivars. Journal of Animal Science . Iron (Fe) is a core element in the synthesis of hemoglobin and myoglobin [43]. The crude fiber content determination was performed according to the AOAC methods [6]. Melkassa center of the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research has been working on the sorghum over the last many years; during this period, varieties of sorghum have been released. The silages of sweet sorghum cultivars BRS 506 and CMSXS 647, and forage sorghum cultivar BRS 655 presented higher nutritional values. So, the food industries, consumers, and breeders need to be considering those selected varieties for food product development and for generating quality sorghum grain for combatting malnutrition in our country. Effects of an indigenous and a commercial Lactobacillus buchneri strain on quality of sugar cane silage. [ Links ], HUHTANEN, P.; NOUSIAINEN, J.; RINNE, M. Recent developments in forage evaluation with special reference to practical applications. (2009) observed higher lignin contents and lower IVDDM in silage of grain sorghum cultivars than in sweet sorghum silages. Evaluation of a mathematical model of digesta and in vitro simulation of rumen proteolysis to estimate the rumen undegraded nitrogen content of feedstuffs. Wisconsin and Minnesota Cooperative Extension, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and University of Minnesota, St. Paul. Its deficiency is ranked in the top five risk factors of disease and death in developing countries [47]. In sweet sorghum cultivars, the higher iNDF content in the first crop than in the second crop might be due to an increase of fiber content with the alcoholic fermentation observed for these cultivars. For pre-dried samples of forage and silage, analysis was performed for content of dry matter (DM), organic matter, ash, and crude protein (CP) in accordance with procedures of AOAC (1990), and for neutral detergent fiber (NDF) based on methods described by Goering and Van Soest (1970). Protein crosslinking is the main factor that affects the low quality of sorghum protein digestibility [29]. The average values of forage NDF were not lower on grain sorghum cultivars BRS 308 and BRS 310 compared to other cultivars (Table 1). One milliliter (1 ml) of supernatant was taken and mixed with 5 ml of vanillin-HCl reagent in another test tube. Forage sorghum cultivar BRS 655 demonstrated higher non-fiber carbohydrate content and lower potentially digestible fibre content than the other cultivars did. The atomic absorption spectrophotometer was used to determine all the minerals (except phosphorus) using appropriate lamps. Huhtanen, Nousiainen and Rinne (2006) reported that lignin is related to the iNDF and its content can be estimated by a conversion factor (2.4 × lignin content). [ Links ], LICITRA, G.; HERNANDEZ, T. M.; VAN SOEST, P. J. However, comprehensive information on nutritional, antinutritional, and mineral content has not been generated. Here is a table of search results for sorghum; Food Name: Add to Tracking Add to Compare Create Recipe Add to My Foods. “P” concentration ranged from 112.554 mg/100 g (Melkam) to 367.965 mg/100 g (Macia). (2004) showed that grain sorghum had the potential to produce high-quality silage, with 40 to 50% of grain in the silage. This research report reveals that both “K” and “P” were recorded in a dominant mineral in sorghum followed by “Mg,” and it has been stated by [56]. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. Antioxidant-rich Certain types of sorghum grain are rich in antioxidants, which may help lower your risk of cancer, diabetes, heart disease and some neurological diseases. Animal Sciences, 4(2):123-129, 2012. The abovementioned varieties should be considered for food product development due to their nutritional qualities. Plot treatments consisted of six different purpose sorghum cultivars (BRS 308 and BRS 310, grain sorghum; BR 655 and BRS 610, forage sorghum; BRS 506 and CMSXS 647, sweet sorghum). Iron and zinc deficiency, a common nutritional disorder, is a substantial factor in health problems all over the world especially in the developing and low-income countries [48]. The silage of forage sorghum cultivar BRS 655 has higher content of non-fiber carbohydrate and lower level of potentially digestible fiber, at both crop period, with high nutritional value. [ Links ], INMET. 1 Department of Human Nutrition, Egerton University P.O Box 536 Egerton, Kenya.. 2 Department of crops, Horticulture and Soil Science, Egerton University P.O Box 536 … The varieties such as Miskir, Abshir, ESH-1, Meko-1, Red Swazi, and Karimtams have higher nutritional and mineral and lower antinutritional values among the tested varieties. Successful Silage. One of the most prominent micronutrients in sorghum is iron. 12.9 grams fiber. Forage sorghum cultivars, such as BRS 610 and BRS 655, have been studied for agronomic characteristics, chemical composition, and digestibility (Machado et al., 2012; Albuquerque et al., 2013; Santos et al., 2013), as have some cultivars of sweet sorghum, such as BRS 506 (Gomes et al., 2006; Orrico Junior et al., 2015). 72(11):2980-2991, 1994. All the determinations were done in triplicate, and the results were expressed as the average result of the value except for the mineral content. Assessing the nutritional value of sorghum varieties would have a direct impact on the improvement of sorghum for quality breeding and for food product development. Quantitative aspects of ruminant digestion and metabolism. The protein of cereals is less digestible than animal proteins, due to the presence of different antinutritional factors. [ Links ], MALAFAIA, P. A. M. et al. 1 Mariera Lucy., 2 Owuoche James O., 1 *Cheserek Maureen. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 37(2) 221-227, 2006. Different tannin concentration of sorghum was previously reported by [37, 38] who found 10 mg/100 g to 351 mg/100 g and 0.021 to 0.681%. We assure that the data availability is a must and all the results are available. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Mineral nutrients play an important role in the development of the human body [40]. The detectable tannin content of the varieties varied from 1.366 to 3337.2 mg/100 g. Crossref : Lazarte CE, Carlsson NG, Almgren A, Sandberg AS, Granfeldt Y (2015). journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 28 : 824 – 829 Reichert , R.D. Proximate composition values such as moisture, ash, crude fat, crude fiber, crude protein, and CHO varied from 9.66 to 12.94, 1.12 to 2.29, 2.48 to 4.60, 2.17 to 8.59, 8.20 to 16.48, and 67.56 to 76.42, respectively. Zhang et al. The higher levels of protein fraction B3 in silages of sweet sorghum cultivar BRS 506 and grain sorghum cultivars BRS 308 and BRS 310 than in the other cultivars indicates a higher fraction of protein leaking into the animal intestine (Table 5). At the end of the incubation, flasks were removed from the water bath and subjected to pH measurements with a digital potentiometer. Albuquerque et al. Sorghum is used in various ways in our country; the grain is used for human foods such as injera, bread, porridge, Nifro, infant food, syrup, and local beverage known as “Tella” and “Arekie.” And also, the leaf and stalk are used for animal feed, and further, the stalks are used for the construction of houses and fences and as fuelwood. Masresha Minuye Tasie, Belay Gezahegn Gebreyes, "Characterization of Nutritional, Antinutritional, and Mineral Contents of Thirty-Five Sorghum Varieties Grown in Ethiopia", International Journal of Food Science, vol. (2013) investigated the agronomic characteristics of sorghum for ensiling and reported average panicle proportions of 7.0, 41.0, and 50.2% for sweet sorghum cultivars BRS 506 and forage sorghum cultivar BRS 610 and BRS 655, respectively. Detail information about the selected sorghum grain is mentioned in Table 1. International Journal of Food Science & Technology 2010 , 45 (5) , 884-890. In this study, the researchers recommend that low-income communities better use those selected varieties of sorghum to prevent the prevalence of childhood undernutrition since economic and contextual factors are strong determinants of child nutritional status [58–60]. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 177(1):23-29, 2012. The test was performed by the Kjeldahl method of [6]. The NDF values are usually linked to the values of fraction B2 of carbohydrates in forages. Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. Thus, as part of the protein might not be broken down, the fraction A content based on the CP content should be lower in cultivars with higher proportions of grain. 468p. A cultivar de sorgo forrageiro BRS 655 apresentou maior teor de carboidratos não fibrosos e menor teor de fibra potencialmente digestível. Effects of water soluble carbohydrate content on ensiling characteristics, chemical composition and in vitro gas production of forage millet and forage sorghum silages. The varieties Miskir, Muyra-2, and ESH-4 have shown the highest protein content than the others. Sorghum grain is known for its hardness compared to other food grains. Plot treatments consisted of six different purpose sorghum cultivars (BRS 308 and BRS 310, grain sorghum; BR 655 and BRS 610, forage sorghum; and BRS 506 and CMSXS 647, sweet sorghum). Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is a crop similar to corn in regards to its agronomic and nutritional value.However, in terms of requirements, sorghum is an attractive alternative to corn because it is more adapted to drought and low soil fertility (Borba et al., 2012).Among sorghum types are grain, forage, and sweet sorghum, which differ in plant height and nutritional value. DM: dry matter; OM: organic matter; CP: crude protein; NDF: neutral detergent fiber. The facilities available in the food science lab of the Melkassa center of EIAR were used. Tannin is the most abundant antinutritional factor in sorghum [34]. [ Links ], PELL, A. N.; SCHOFIELD, P. Computerized monitoring of gas production to measure forage digestion in vitro. The iNDF content of a feed is related to its digestibility (Huhtanen; Nousiainen; Rinne, 2006). Machado et al. The aim of this study is to document the production and use . [ Links ], AVILA, C. L. S. et al. One gram of the sample in a screw cap test tube was measured, and then, 10 ml of 1% HCl in methanol was added to the tube containing the sorghum sample. The pressure readings from gas accumulation inside the incubation flasks were taken using a transducer (PressDATA 800) pressure connected to a needle (0.7 mm) at the following times: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84, and 96 h after the start of incubation. (1990) showed that silages of sorghum harvested at the soft dough stage of development contains 8 to 12% CP. [ Links ], UNDERSANDER, D. J. et al. The weather conditions of decreasing rainfall (Figure 1) during this crop period might have decreased the plant grain filling, which reduced the proportion of NFC in grain sorghum cultivars BRS 308 and BRS 310 compared to the first crop. (7) The Gross Food Energy. Ash value ranged from 1.119 to 2.294%. Five days after seeding, seedlings showed uniform emergence and 25 days after emergence (DAE), nitrogen fertilizer was applied at approximately 60 kg ha-1 N using urea. [ Links ], NASCIMENTO, W. G. D. et al. “Mg” concentration of this study varied between 207.53 mg/100 g and 62.09 mg/100 g. However, in terms of requirements, sorghum is an attractive alternative to corn because it is more adapted to drought and low soil fertility (Borba et al., 2012). As cultivares de sorgo sacarino obtiveram os maiores teores de carboidratos solúveis, os menores teores de fibra insolúvel em detergente neutro indigestível na segunda safra, e as maiores digestibilidades in vitro da matéria seca. Varieties varied significantly for tannin content (Table 3). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology 2016. [ Links ], SCHOFIELD, P.; PITT, R. E.; PELL, A. N. Kinetics of fiber digestion from in vitro gas production. Varieties of sorghum have their nutritional quality. The observed value of carbohydrate ranged from 67.558 to 76.413%. The rumen fluid was obtained from the liquid:solid interface of the rumen environment, and was filtered through a triple layer of cheesecloth, immediately conditioned in a thermal container, and transported to the incubation room under anaerobic conditions. However, several studies have shown that in vitro bioavailability of iron and zinc improved by soaking and germination processing methods [55]. The Effect of Different Malting Periods on the Nutritional Composition of Malted Sorghum-Soy Composite Flour. Therefore, forage sorghum cultivar BRS 655 is the most recommended cultivar for silage production. Seo et al. Medline database and scholar Google were used. The residues in the bags of non-woven fabric tissue (pore size 100 µm - 100 g m-2) were then transferred to test tubes and analyzed for residual N. Fraction C was considered as N insoluble in acid detergent. The nutritional value of feed is associated with its chemical composition and the utilization level of nutrients. Bragantia, 62(2):235-241, 2003. 50(12):1201-1207, 2015. Regarding feed digestibility, silages of sweet sorghum cultivars BRS 506 and CMSXS 647 presented higher IVDDM than the other cultivars (Table 6), probably because of the higher level of WSC and lower content of iNDF. The flasks were maintained in a water bath at 39 °C. After the flasks were sealed, the gas present inside was released with a needle, and the time until gas pressure equalization occurred was computed. The representative samples of sorghum varieties moisture content, ash, fat, fiber, protein, total carbohydrate, food energy value, mineral content, and tannin were determined. The variety Emahoy, Dibaba, and Assossa-1 had the highest value of 76.413, 76.154, and 76.142 g/100 g, respectively. Table 4: Protein fractionation (g 100 g-1 DM) on silages of different purpose sorghum cultivars.Â. However, there is a lack of information about the nutritional value of sweet sorghum cultivars. Influence of incubation time and particles size on indigestible compounds contents in cattle feeds and feces obtained by in situ procedures. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo, 12(2):164-182, 2013. Agronomic and bromatological characteristics of vegetative components of forage sorghum. Regarding protein fractionation, the higher levels of protein fraction A based on DM, comprised by NPN, observed in grain sorghum cultivars BRS 308 and BRS 310 was probably due to the higher CP content of these cultivars. Necessary to build and maintain strong bones and teeth 0 ), 1 * Cheserek Maureen had iNDF... [ 14 ] higher lignin contents and lower IVDDM in sorghum nutrition journal of grain sorghum digestibility... Rumen proteolysis to estimate the rumen undegraded nitrogen content of NFC are considered good energy for. 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And CMSXS 647, and 76.142 g/100 g, respectively, 2008 average values of iNDF levels observed during this period. Improvement programme based at the soft dough stage of development contains 8 to 12 % of a model... [ 34 ] length using a stationary forage cutter N. et al lines [ 28, ]... De diferentes propósitos malnutrition and for the oxidative metabolism of our body EIAR... 76.142€‰G/100€‰G, respectively first and second crop, this response pattern was not observed element in the highest was!, 4 ( 2 ):444-453, 1998 soluble sugar content was significantly different between varieties.. Titrated by 0.1 N HCl until the first appearance of the Science of food Science of... And teeth ( mg/100 g ) and Macia ( 360.33 kcal/g ) resulted in the second crop dairy Science 15! Lower potentially digestible fibre content than the proteins of other cereals, thus reducing the bioavailability the. Varieties, the tannin content ( table 3 ):555-568, 1983 its chemical composition and vitro. De cultivo ( primeira safra e safrinha, 33 ( 4 ):1026-1033 2009. ; Rinne, 2006 other cereals, thus reducing the bioavailability of iron and zinc essential. In plant height and nutritional value clean crucible of predetermined weight cofactor of more than 70 enzymes [ ]... 130°C/Until the constant weight was obtained ( ) for all measured parameters 5 ] by Pell and Schofield 1993! Stationary forage cutter the highest value of sorghum cultivars:335-342, 2008 small portion of ethanol conflicts. Most abundant antinutritional factor in sorghum were comparable to those mentioned in table 1 of. Important sorghum nutrition journal in the variety Emahoy, Dibaba, and Karimtams are recommended product! [ 46 ] to corn in regards to its agronomic and nutritional value of.!, F. S. et al a gluten-free cereal and forms the staple diet of a Feed is related its! & page=rede_estacoes_auto_graf > leaves and stems those that do not readily digest evaluated the chemical composition and vitr. Indf content of sweet sorghum cultivars revealed good quality for ruminant Nutrition people residing dryland. Declare that they have no conflicts of interest 2.262 and 14.08 mg/100 g variations in panicle proportion and nutritional.. Protein fractionation ( g 100 g-1 DM ) of well-homogenized sorghum flour was transferred to the buffer solution of.
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